Concussions are an injury to the brain. A concussion causes temporary changes in brain function that can affect thinking, vision, balance, and alertness. People with concussions usually have a headache. They may also feel confused, dazed, nausea, fuzzy vision, dizzy, or short term memory loss. Other symptoms include fatigue, trouble concentrating, and being irritable.

Most people with mild concussions recover quickly. However, concussions need to be take seriously.

Here is an excellent 10-minute video on concussions:



  • Watch closely in the first 24-48 hours for concerning symptoms (such as worsening headache, dizziness, drowsiness, fussiness, or irritability.
  • Check the person at least once during the first night sleep to make sure he/she easily wakes up and is acting normally.
  • You CAN give over-the-counter medications like Tylenol or Advil for a headache (but avoid aspirin!)
  • Allow plenty of rest (“brain rest”).
  • Allow gradual return to activities as discussed with your doctor (and as also shown in the video above). Go slow and do not rush recovery!



  • a child who won’t stop crying or cannot be comforted.
  • a headache that keeps getting worse.
  • weakness or numbness in any part of the body.
  • coordination or balance the gets worse.
  • vomitting more than once after the head injury.
  • slurred speech.
  • cannot be awakened from sleep.
  • increased confusion, irritability, or anxiety.
  • has any symptom that seems to be getting worse.